This "Lost City of the Incas" is the big reason why people come to Peru. The Machu Picchu Ruins were built around the 1450s only to be abandoned a hundred years later. Spanish conquistadores never found it and for centuries it stayed hidden. But in 1911, it was rediscoved by an American historian. If you'are adventurous, and in good shape, the four-day Inca Trail is the Classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
Twice as deep as Arizona's Grand Canyon, Colca Canyon is typicall a side-trip from Arequipa wich is a three-hour drive away. Adventuresport enthusiasts head for the Canyon's Colca River for river-rafting while those less inclined toward danger hike the canyon's Colca River for its gorgeous landscapes. The highlight is the Cruz del Condor, a mirador where vistors can spot the Andean condor in flight
A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986, this archaeological site was home to the second largest pre-Columbian society in South America: the Chimú. The estimated 30,000 Chimu residents built the mud city between 850 and 1470. You can roam the ruins - wich contain 10 walled citadels that house burial chambers, ceremonial rooms, and temples - on a day trip from the northern city of Trujillo.
At 3,812 meters Puno's Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. More than 25 rivers empty into it, and according to Inca legent, it was the brth place of the Sun God who founded the Inca Dynasty, On Isla Taquile, like other islands here, Quechua speaking people reserve the traditions of their ancestors
Six kilometers from the northern city of Cajarmarca, Baños del Inca (Inca Baths) hot springs were once used by inca Atahualpa the last sovereign Inca Emperor. Supposedly,the emperor was relaxing in one of the mineral-rich baths when Spanish conquistadors arrived in Cajamarca. While visitors can only view the older pools that bathe in the newer pools built specifically for tourists.
It's thought that between 900 BC and AD 600 the Nazca and Paracas Cultures constructed the nazca Lines geometric figures drawn into the Pampa Colorado (red Plain) in Nazca a city south of Lima. Three hundred geoglyphs and 800 strainght lines make up these mysterious figures. No one knowns why these massive drawings-wich include representations of a lizardmonkey condor and spider wre created. The only wa to get a good view is to take a flightseeing tour.
Machu picchu isn't the only must-see Inca ruins to visit to from cusco. Used as a fortress during Pizarro's conquest, the military site of Sacsayhuaman is made of huge stone blocks the largest is 8,5 meters high and weight mora than 300 tons. It's believed that some 20,000 men worked on the site.
Part of the andes range, Cordillera Blanco (whithe range) has more than 50 peaks that reach 5,500 meters (18,000 feet) or higher and stretches 20 km wide and 180 km long. Mountain climbers and hikers of all skill levels can enjoy this majestic range. Which is part of the Huascaran National Park.