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sacred valley machu picchu tour

sacred valley machu picchu tour

Cusco was the capital of the Incas and is a very interesting destination for tourism, in the tour we offer you will learn about the culture of the Incas and their legacy, the towns of Cusco and Valle with their customs. Of course we will not miss Machu Picchu, its impressive architecture, its energy and the incredible natural environment that will make your trip an unforgettable experience. You will also feel the affection of our people who receive their visitors with joy.

The Sacred Valley has become in recent years, one of the most important destinations in South America, is the valley of the Urubamba River and is known worldwide as the Sacred Valley of the Incas. The valley lodges beautiful traditional Andean towns of the time of the colony; In them you can find ancient Inca settlements scattered along the valley, in the middle of mountains belonging to the chains of the Andes mountain range. Structures like those you can see in the towns of Pisac or Ollantaytambo, have made it one of the favorite places for travelers from all over the world, even more so because it is the place where you will have to enter the Inca city of Machu Picchu. This Valley was the center of Tahuantinsuyo, the largest known empire of the Western Hemisphere, it ran from Colombia and Ecuador, through Peru and Bolivia, to the northern part of the nations of Argentina and Chile; and its capital is the city of Cusco, known as the "navel of the world".

Machu Picchu, the lost city, Sacred fortress and Cradle of the Inca Empire. Located at 2,430 meters high in a place of great beauty, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, 

Machu Picchu sanctuary was probably the most amazing architectural realization of the Inca Empire in its apogee. Its walls, terraces and gigantic ramps give the impression of having been sculpted in the escarpments of the rock, as if they were part of it. The natural frame, located on the eastern slope of the Andes, is part of the upper Amazon basin, which has a very varied flora and fauna.Join us during this trip of 2 mystical days full of natural beauty and history of Inca Empire.

Overview
Itinerary
Includes
Before you go

QUICK ITINERARY

DAY 1: SACRED VALLEY- AGUAS CALIENTES (MACHUPICCHU)

07:00 - 07:30 : Pick up from your hotel, for the start of the tour. 
08:00 - 16:00 : Tour to the Sacred Valley of the Incas. (Visit Pisac and Ollantaytambo)
16:30 - 18:30 : Travel by train from Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes 
18:30 : Night in Aguas Calientes hotel (Machupicchu).


DAY 2: MACHUPICCHU GUIDED TOUR

05:00 : Bus ride to Machu Picchu. View of the sunrise of Machu Picchu (Optional). 

06:00 : Guided Tour in Machu Picchu. Optional: Walk to Huaynapicchu or Mountain Sector (without Guide). 

10:00 : Transfer to Aguas Calientes bus. 

19:00 : In the afternoon return by train from Aguas Calientes to Ollantaytambo

20:30 : Travel by bus from Ollantaytambo to Cusco. 

 

PLEASE TAKE NOTE: If you would like to return early, you can choose the train at 14:30 and you will be in Cusco at 18:00.


Highlights of the Sacred Valley to Machu Picchu tour:

  • Visit and watch the most beautiful landscapes of Sacred Valley of the Incas
  • Visit the Inca citadel of Pisac (Pisac Market)
  • Guided tour of Pisac and Ollantaytambo archeological
  • View the amazing Sacred Valley through the Urubamba river.
  • Visit Machu Picchu
  • Climbing to Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain

 

IMPORTANCE OF MACHU PICCHU:

FOR AGRICULTURE:
  • HIGHER AGRICULTURAL AREA .- It is the one found on the current access road, from the middle to the top, composed of a series of agricultural terraces. In the upper part is what most call as "The Cemetery" which was actually an agricultural ceremonial sector, which is strewn with an infinity of stones. In this square there is a construction called "The Superior Guardians", which is nothing more than a construction of a Wayrana or Masma type (an Inca construction with three walls). Then, almost halfway through the plaza there is a carved rock called "La Roca Funeraria", which is given different functions related to funerary rites, but in reality it was a ceremonial altar of an agricultural nature. In the background you can see several buildings called "Qolqas" or large deposits. This is followed by a series of agricultural terraces usually called platforms, but a large number of them are found with a lot of vegetation. 
  • LOWER AGRICULTURAL AREA.- Located in the lower part of what is the current access road to the citadel. In this sector are "The Lower Guardians", places that were actually the homes of farmers. It is also worth mentioning that here agricultural terraces are covered by vegetation. The earth found in these terraces is vegetable humus that was brought from another place and placed in these terraces.

FOR THE RELIGIOUS SECTOR:

Composed of four constructions and some special lithics. It is a group of buildings clearly related to religious functions. This set is broken down as follows:  

  • The Main Temple This sector is better known as the "Temple of the Sun". It should be clarified that in Inca times the sun was not the most important deity, its conception is more linked to the concept of light. This construction is of isodome blocks of an amazing elaboration and insertion. The characteristic is that they are stone blocks that as observed, those in the lower part are semi-megalithic in character and those in the upper parts are of small dimensions. The building has several trapezoidal niches arranged in 5-7-5 (5 in each side parameter and 7 in the center). Apart from this, in the lower part of the frontal parameter three lithics of considerable dimensions. This block is the ceremonial area of ​​the temple and the two small blocks are secondary elements or accessory tables of the main altar for the placement of objects that were used for the paraphernalia of the rites performed in this place. 
  • The Temple of the Three Windows Construction Masma or Wayrana type of three walls, although this has a small difference in the front, where there is no wall but a lytic pillar to support the low beam of the roof. The physical element of the presence of the three windows is directly related to the symbolic-ideological trilogy of the religion of the Andean world, such as:Centella - Lightning - Thunder / Sol - Luna - Stars / Puma - Serpent - Condor. That is to say, an element clearly of ritual symbolic architecture. In addition to the three windows, this place has two trapezoidal blind niches, which leads us to another idea that would be much more linked to the ideological relationship of memories of the origins. It is therefore this construction linked to the symbolism of the three lands (pachas) or union of worlds within the Andean ideology. All this for the reason of the existence of the lithic that has the sculpted stepped sign.  
  • The House of the Priest ; a construction of ritual and utilitarian character, that is, as a deposit of paraphernalic objects. 
  • The stone of the rites or rock of the ceremonies; this is a large block located at the angle of access to the plaza of the temples. It is indicated that this great block was a ritual altar, a sacred rock, in which certain religious rites related to the sector were carried out, such as offerings, sacrifices, etc. 
  • The priests' room or Temple of the Stars; Construction that is in the back part of the main temple. Its walls are made of rectangular stones of ashlar or rectangular isodome type. It has 13 trapezoidal niches and a monolithic with 24 angles. For these characteristics and also for the type of construction and the location of it, this was related to ceremonial rites, although we can not specify for what rites was dedicated.

MAY INTEREST YOU:

DAY 1: SACRED VALLEY TOUR

This day we will make the tour to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, tour that we started at 07:00 hrs in the morning, picking them up from the hotel to go to Pisaq, which is a popular for its typical market, with picturesque terraces cultivated in the mountains. We will visit the archaeological group of Pisaq. It is also famous for its fairs where you can buy beautiful crafts. Then we will go to Urubamba where we have included a lunch. Then we will go to the Fortress of Ollantaytambo, where there are descendants of the Incas who live in the houses of the Incas. Finally we will go to the train station of Ollantaytambo, to board the train that leaves at 16.30 hours to Aguas Calientes, where we will arrive averaging at 18.30 hrs. Overnight at selected hotel in Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu).

DAY 2: MACHU PICCHU TOUR

After getting up very early and having breakfast, we will go up to the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu and we will be able to appreciate the spectacular sunrise of this wonder, followed by an excursion with our guide through the citadel of Machu Picchu, for 2 hours, on the way You will visit the most important precincts of this city such as: the Main Square, the Circular Tower, the Sacred Solar Clock, the Royal Rooms, the Temple of the Three Windows and the Cemeteries. Concluded in tour of the citadel of Machupicchu optionally: you can do the trekking to the summit of Huaynapicchu or the Mountain sector, this will take you a few hours, in which you can enjoy the scenery and take some breathtaking views (This visit is without a guide). Then we will go down by bus to Aguas Calientes and in the afternoon we will take the train back to Ollantaytambo, where our staff will be waiting for you, to transport you by bus to the city of Cusco and take you to your hotel.

THIS TOUR INCLUDES:

  • All transfers from your hotel, to the stations and tourist attractions to visit. 
  • Tours to Machupicchu and Sacred Valley of the Incas. 
  • All transport for tours. 
  • Roundtrip train tickets Ollantaytambo - Machupicchu - Ollantaytambo. 
  • Bus from Ollantaytambo to Cusco. 
  • Bus tickets up and down Aguas Calientes - Machupicchu - Aguas Calientes. 
  • Professional tourist guide in English or Spanish language. 
  • Income to all attractions to visit Machu Picchu and Sacred Valley.

 

NOT INCLUDED:

  • Food not mentioned (There is a variety of restaurants from US $ 7). 
  • Entrance to Waynapicchu (US $ 25.00) 
  • Accommodation Night. 
  • Tips (it is optional).

 

REMEMBER TO CARRY:

  • Passport (it is requested to board trains, buses and at the entrance of Machupicchu). 
  • Small backpack no bigger than 30 liters (The rest of the luggage can be stored in the hotel you have booked in Cusco or in our office). 
  • Comfortable clothes (a little warm) when you leave early and return late a little cold, it is better to feel comfortable with your temperature.
  • Rain poncho or raincoats (The climate is quite changeable it is better to be forewarned). 
  • Extra money in Soles (for water, snacks and other expenses). 
  • Repellent against mosquitoes. 
  • Camera or video camera.
  • Personal Medication.
  • Personal articles.
  • Swim wear.
  • Sunscreen. 
  • Towels.
  • Water.
  • Snacks.
  • Hat.


USEFUL INFORMATION:

How far in advance should I book the program? 

We receive reservations at least 1 week in advance. However, the quotas are limited and are always subject to availability. Both the entrances to the Machu Picchu citadel and the entrances to the optional Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains are in high demand, in some cases being depleted months in advance. For this reason, we recommend making the reservation as early as possible.

 

What is the difference between Machu Picchu citadel, Machu Picchu mountain and Huayna Picchu mountain? 

 What is popularly known as "Machu Picchu" corresponds to the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which is composed of different areas, including the citadel Machu Picchu (the archaeological center or ruins) and its two surrounding mountains: Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu . The tour includes the entrance to the citadel, but not the entrance to climb any of the two mountains, which you can add optionally to your reservation.


How long is the visit to Machu Picchu? 

The tour includes the entrance to Machu Picchu for the first shift (6:00 a.m - 10:00 a.m). This schedule will be divided as follows: one and half hour for a guided tour of the citadel, three hours to go up and down one of the optional mountains. In case you are not going to climb any of the optional mountains, you will have more time to explore the citadel.

 

How about the weather in Machu Picchu? 

Machu Picchu is located between the "Cordillera de los Andes" for its name in spanish and the Amazon rainforest, having a warm and temperate climate, with an average minimum temperature of 12 ° C and an average maximum temperature of 24 ° C. From April to October is the dry season in the place, during that period there is a lower probability of rain, while from November to March is the rainy season, during that period there is a greater chance of rain. Despite the previous differentiation, during all the days of the year there is possibility of rains, since it is a subtropical zone.

 

 

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